Crowns, Bridges & Dentures

Crowns, bridges and dentures are some of the techniques available for:

  • Restoring broken or heavily filled teeth. This  may be needed following trauma to teeth, or after root canal treatment.
  • Replacing missing teeth, to improve appearance and to help with function.

Find out more about:

How do Crowns Work?

A crown is used to entirely cover or "cap" a damaged tooth.  A crown can be used to improve its appearance. Porcelain or ceramic crowns can be matched closely to the colour of your natural teeth. Other materials include gold and metal alloys, acrylic and ceramic. These alloys are generally stronger or allow conservation of more tooth structure and may be recommended for back teeth. Porcelain bonded to a metal shell is often used because it is both strong and attractive.

Your Carlisle dentist may recommend a crown to:

  • Replace a large filling when there isn't enough tooth remaining
  • Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
  • Restore a fractured tooth
  • Attach a bridge
  • Cover a dental implant
  • Cover a discoloured or poorly shaped tooth
  • Cover a tooth that has had root canal treatment

How do Bridges Work?

A bridge may be recommended if you're missing one or more teeth. Gaps left by missing teeth eventually cause the remaining teeth to rotate or shift into the empty spaces, which can affect your bite, or your ability to keep the area clean.

Bridges are commonly used to replace one or more missing teeth. They span the space where the teeth are missing. Bridges are cemented to the natural teeth or implants surrounding the empty space. These teeth, called abutments, serve as anchors for the bridge. A replacement tooth, called a pontic, is attached to the abutments. As with crowns, you have a choice of materials for bridges. Your dentist can help you decide which to use, based on the location of the missing tooth (or teeth), its function, aesthetic considerations and cost.

Crowns and bridges are custom-made in a dental laboratory, following preparation of the teeth and moulds of the mouth taken by your dentist. They require at least two visits to complete.

How do Dentures Work?

A denture is a removable appliance which replaces a missing tooth or teeth and is an alternative to implants or bridges

Dentures consist of a flesh-coloured acrylic, flexible or metal base which fits over the gums and around any remaining natural teeth. The base of an upper denture may cover the palate (the roof of the mouth), while that of the lower denture is shaped like a horseshoe to accommodate the tongue. A partial denture may require crowns or natural teeth to anchor it.

Dentures are custom-made in a dental laboratory from impressions and measurements taken of the mouth. Dentures typically require more than one visit to complete. Conventional full or partial dentures will require healing time following any necessary extractions and at least 3 visits to complete.

A denture may also be used as a temporary replacement for missing teeth, if you need time to heal before having a bridge or dental implant fitted, or  as a permanent form of treatment if your teeth cannot support bridges or crowns.